Biomass energy in Romania

Biogas situation in a larger context

Two main aspects need special attention:
a) energy- renewable energies
b) environment - Kyoto protocol

In 2003 from the total gas need of the EU 49% was based on internal production and 51 % was coming from abroad (manly Russia).
In 2030 the net import of gas will reach as much as 80 % of the total need. This is in fact the basis for the development of the a common energy policy at European

Romania has transposed many of the European directives including those on efficient energy use and promotion of renewable energies (GO 63/1998, Electricity
Law no. 318/2003, Energy Efficiency Law no. 199/2000).

The Romanian potential in the field of renewable energy is important. Five areas are important: hydro-electric power, biomass, solar and wind energy and
geothermal energy.

Romania is covered by 40% of agricultural l a n d a n d 2 7 % o f f o r e s t .
The share of biomass in the total energy of the country is almost 10%. Currently,biomass is used only for heating purposes,direct burning for cooking and hot water
preparation consuming the largest share.About 95% of the biomass currently used is firewood and agricultural waste, the rest is wood waste from industrial processes

No major investment in the sector after 1990. The energy produced from biogas decreased already to the level of 0,06 TWh*year by the year 1994.No maintenance work done on the existing facilities. Very few research projects done after 1990 on this field. Very few reports on the still functioning capacities.
Despite this they are studies that estimates that by 2010 biogas may supply 2,2 TWh*year.

So here is an improtant domain for investment.

And you can obtain subventions